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Imports of industrial products. By technological content and geographical areas

Imports of industrial products. By technological content and geographical areas Catalonia. 2018 (p)
Value Variation (%)
Imports of industrial products 80,755.3 6.6
High technology level 10,070.2 8.2
European Union 5,410.2 3.6
rest of the world 4,660.0 14.0
Middle-high technology level 39,386.5 8.2
European Union 27,105.8 7.9
rest of the world 12,280.7 8.8
Middle-low technology level 11,848.9 10.7
European Union 6,744.6 7.2
rest of the world 5,104.3 15.7
Low technology level 19,449.7 0.5
European Union 9,810.4 2.7
rest of the world 9,639.3 -1.7
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the Department of Customs and Special Taxes of the State Tax Agency.
(p) Provisional data.
Imports of industrial products. By technological content and geographical areas Spain. 2018 (p)
Value Variation (%)
Imports of industrial products 257,983.9 3.8
High technology level 40,776.8 0.7
European Union 23,567.2 2.2
rest of the world 17,209.6 -1.4
Middle-high technology level 111,659.7 5.3
European Union 80,244.3 4.2
rest of the world 31,415.4 8.1
Middle-low technology level 42,408.0 6.8
European Union 26,286.7 7.2
rest of the world 16,121.3 6.0
Low technology level 63,139.3 1.5
European Union 29,786.9 1.3
rest of the world 33,352.5 1.6
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the Department of Customs and Special Taxes of the State Tax Agency.
(p) Provisional data.

Methodological note

The statistics for technological content (R&D) of industrial products in foreign trade is based on the most recent classification drawn up by the Eurostat of industrial sectors by research and development (R&D) effort. These statistics classify flows of exported and imported goods by the importance of their technological content.

The technological content of an industrial sector is identified by calculating R&D spending as a percentage of the sector's production volume. The concept also takes into not only the sector's own technological effort (direct R&D intensity) but also the technology built into its purchases of intermediate goods and equipment (indirect intensity). This new classification makes it possible to compare the statistical information that it is generated nationally with the one generated in Europe.

The result had been an aggregation of the industrial sectors of the Classificació catalana d'activitats econòmiques 2009 (NACE-Rev 2) in four groups according to its technological intensity: high technological level, high medium, medium low and low. These groups are divided by exports or imports to the European Union of the 28 or to the rest of the world. The values corresponding to Catalonia and Spain are generated.

Idescat has revised the series of exports and imports of industrial products since the first quarter of 1994, following the Classification of products by technological content Eurostat.