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Imports of industrial products. By technological content and geographical areas (UE-27)

Imports of industrial products. By technological content and geographical areas Catalonia. 2020 (p)
Value Variation (%)
Imports of industrial products 69,454.6 -16.4
High technology level 10,975.0 -2.0
European Union 5,964.1 -7.3
rest of the world 5,010.9 5.2
Middle-high technology level 32,115.8 -18.6
European Union 20,125.3 -20.7
rest of the world 11,990.5 -14.9
Middle-low technology level 9,148.8 -26.0
European Union 5,317.5 -15.7
rest of the world 3,831.3 -36.7
Low technology level 17,215.0 -14.2
European Union 8,528.0 -11.5
rest of the world 8,686.9 -16.8
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the Department of Customs and Special Taxes of the State Tax Agency.
Note: Between 14 March and 21 June 2020, it is in force the Royal Decree 463/2020, of 14 March, which declares the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by Covid-19.
(p) Provisional data.
Imports of industrial products. By technological content and geographical areas Spain. 2020 (p)
Value Variation (%)
Imports of industrial products 233,630.4 -11.9
High technology level 42,210.8 -1.5
European Union 22,246.1 -0.2
rest of the world 19,964.7 -2.8
Middle-high technology level 98,091.1 -14.3
European Union 64,028.9 -16.3
rest of the world 34,062.2 -10.5
Middle-low technology level 34,530.6 -18.7
European Union 20,425.3 -14.8
rest of the world 14,105.4 -23.8
Low technology level 58,797.9 -10.1
European Union 26,040.7 -10.0
rest of the world 32,757.2 -10.2
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the Department of Customs and Special Taxes of the State Tax Agency.
Note: Between 14 March and 21 June 2020, it is in force the Royal Decree 463/2020, of 14 March, which declares the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by Covid-19.
(p) Provisional data.

Methodological note

The statistics for technological content (R&D) of industrial products in foreign trade is based on the most recent classification drawn up by the Eurostat of industrial sectors by research and development (R&D) effort. These statistics classify flows of exported and imported goods by the importance of their technological content.

The technological content of an industrial sector is identified by calculating R&D spending as a percentage of the sector's production volume. The concept also takes into not only the sector's own technological effort (direct R&D intensity) but also the technology built into its purchases of intermediate goods and equipment (indirect intensity). This new classification makes it possible to compare the statistical information that it is generated nationally with the one generated in Europe.

The result had been an aggregation of the industrial sectors of the Classificació catalana d'activitats econòmiques 2009 (NACE-Rev 2) in four groups according to its technological intensity: high technological level, high medium, medium low and low. These groups are divided by exports or imports to the European Union of the 27 or to the rest of the world. The values corresponding to Catalonia and Spain are generated.

Idescat has revised the series of exports and imports of industrial products since the first quarter of 1994, following the Classification of products by technological content Eurostat.