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Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Consumer Price Index (CPI) Catalonia Index (annual average)
General index Food and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages and tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing Household goods Medicine Transport Communications Leisure and culture Education Hotels, cafés and restaurants Other goods and services
2021 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2020 97.2 98.1 99.8 98.9 91.3 99.2 99.2 93.0 103.1 99.6 102.7 99.6 98.7
2019 97.6 95.9 99.1 97.9 94.5 98.7 99.2 97.1 104.4 100.1 103.0 98.7 97.2
2018 96.7 94.4 98.3 97.0 95.4 97.7 98.2 96.5 103.7 100.2 101.7 96.6 95.4
2017 95.0 92.5 96.5 96.1 93.2 97.2 97.5 92.8 101.6 100.3 101.1 94.8 94.3
2016 93.0 91.0 95.0 95.5 90.3 97.0 96.3 88.7 100.4 98.8 100.2 92.8 92.8
2015 92.9 89.5 94.6 94.8 93.7 96.1 96.1 90.5 97.9 99.3 99.1 91.6 91.0
2014 93.1 87.9 93.5 94.5 95.1 95.9 96.0 94.8 99.7 99.2 97.8 90.7 89.2
2013 92.9 87.8 92.4 94.3 93.6 96.0 95.4 95.8 106.2 100.0 96.9 90.3 87.8
2012 91.4 85.4 87.1 94.1 92.0 94.4 90.7 95.8 111.0 98.7 87.7 89.5 85.5
2011 88.8 83.3 82.2 93.7 87.7 93.0 84.6 91.2 114.9 97.6 82.3 88.1 83.3
2010 86.0 81.6 75.0 93.3 82.3 91.7 85.4 84.4 115.8 97.5 79.7 86.6 80.6
2009 84.3 81.8 67.9 93.5 79.6 90.6 86.0 79.0 116.7 98.7 77.4 85.2 78.2
2008 84.1 81.8 62.7 94.9 78.5 89.1 86.0 83.8 117.6 98.8 73.9 83.4 75.8
2007 80.8 77.5 60.3 94.1 73.5 87.0 85.8 79.2 117.7 98.5 70.7 79.6 73.2
2006 78.5 74.9 56.2 93.0 70.7 84.6 86.8 77.6 117.6 98.7 66.5 75.5 70.5
2005 75.7 72.0 55.2 91.2 66.5 82.2 85.5 74.4 119.4 98.1 63.7 72.2 67.8
2004 72.9 69.5 52.7 89.1 62.8 79.9 84.5 69.6 121.5 97.3 60.4 68.9 65.4
2003 70.4 66.8 50.7 86.1 60.8 78.3 83.8 66.3 123.0 96.3 57.9 65.8 63.0
2002 68.0 63.8 49.0 82.2 58.9 76.2 81.9 65.0 126.5 95.1 55.0 62.7 60.5
Units: Base 2021 = 100.
Source: INE.
Notes:
- To update the incomes we use the year-over-year variation rate for the two years we wish to compare, which can be viewed in the CPI Consumer Price Index.
- Between 14 March and 21 June 2020, it is in force the Royal Decree 463/2020, of 14 March, which declares the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by Covid-19.
(1) Calculation based on the average prices during the year.
(2) Calculation between the index value for December and that of December the previous year.
Consumer Price Index (CPI) Spain Index (annual average)
General index Food and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages and tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing Household goods Medicine Transport Communications Leisure and culture Education Hotels, cafés and restaurants Other goods and services
2021 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2020 97.0 98.2 99.7 99.0 90.0 99.1 99.3 93.2 103.1 99.8 99.8 99.1 99.0
2019 97.3 95.9 99.2 98.0 93.3 98.7 99.0 96.9 104.3 100.5 99.2 98.1 97.6
2018 96.6 94.9 98.5 97.1 94.7 98.1 98.2 95.8 103.5 100.9 98.3 96.1 96.3
2017 95.0 93.4 96.7 96.3 92.5 97.9 97.9 92.5 101.3 101.1 97.5 94.3 95.4
2016 93.2 92.3 95.1 95.8 89.0 98.4 97.2 88.8 100.0 100.0 96.6 92.6 94.6
2015 93.4 91.0 94.6 95.2 92.9 98.2 97.4 90.6 97.5 101.0 96.1 91.6 93.1
2014 93.9 89.9 93.4 94.9 94.9 98.4 97.3 94.9 99.3 101.4 95.0 90.8 91.6
2013 94.0 90.3 92.0 94.8 93.7 99.0 97.1 95.8 105.7 102.8 93.4 90.4 90.7
2012 92.7 87.8 86.7 94.8 92.8 98.0 90.9 95.4 110.4 102.0 86.4 89.9 88.9
2011 90.5 85.8 81.9 94.5 88.4 97.2 87.8 91.0 114.3 101.3 82.4 89.2 86.9
2010 87.7 84.1 74.3 94.3 82.4 96.1 88.9 84.3 115.2 101.4 80.5 87.8 84.4
2009 86.2 84.8 67.0 94.6 79.6 95.6 89.8 78.9 116.1 102.7 78.5 86.7 82.6
2008 86.4 85.7 61.6 96.1 78.6 94.2 90.4 83.7 116.9 103.1 75.9 85.1 80.5
2007 83.0 80.9 59.2 95.5 73.7 91.8 90.3 79.1 116.9 103.2 73.0 81.2 77.9
2006 80.8 78.1 55.3 94.5 71.1 89.5 91.7 77.5 116.7 103.9 69.9 77.5 75.5
2005 78.0 75.0 54.3 93.3 66.7 87.3 90.4 74.2 118.2 103.8 67.2 74.2 72.8
2004 75.5 72.7 51.7 92.1 63.3 85.5 89.7 69.8 120.1 104.0 64.5 71.2 70.6
2003 73.3 70.0 49.6 90.4 61.2 84.1 89.3 66.8 121.4 103.9 62.0 68.4 68.6
2002 71.1 67.2 48.0 87.1 59.5 82.5 87.5 65.5 124.6 103.3 59.1 65.6 66.4
Units: Base 2021 = 100.
Source: INE.
Notes:
- To update the incomes we use the year-over-year variation rate for the two years we wish to compare, which can be viewed in the CPI Consumer Price Index.
- Between 14 March and 21 June 2020, it is in force the Royal Decree 463/2020, of 14 March, which declares the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by Covid-19.
(1) Calculation based on the average prices during the year.
(2) Calculation between the index value for December and that of December the previous year.

Last update: January 14, 2022. Revised series on February 15, 2022.

Monthly data Statistics IPC

Methodological note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change over time in the prices of consumer goods and services purchased by people living in households in Spain. Consumer expenditure means the monetary flow paid for the acquisition of goods and services classified as such in a nomenclature expressly drawn up by the INE. Expenditure which could be classified as investment, such as buying a house or flat, is excluded.

The CPI is calculated based on the Laspeyres formula, which is a weighted arithmetic mean of the price indexes of the various consumer items covered. Since January 2021 a new consumer price index system, CPI base 2021, has been used which is designed to provide more representative coverage and greater precision in measuring change in this indicator by expanding the sample of towns, increasing the number of prices gathered, changes in the make-up of the basket of consumer articles and more updated weightings.

The base 2021 sample is made up of 177 towns, and the total number of prices collected are 210.000, which means that the monthly calculation of the CPI is carried out using 177 towns.

The most noticeable changes in the configuration of the base 2021 basket of goods are the incorporation of hygienic masks and subscription to online newspapers.

The number of items that make up the basket of goods is 462.

The weighting structure for base 2021 has been drawn up based on the Survey of Family Budgets (SFB). Furthermore, information from other sources has been used to determine the final structure:

  • change in private consumer spending from National Accounting
  • change in CPI prices
  • other sources about supply in the various sectors

Consumer expenditure has been classified in accordance with a nomenclature drawn up by the INE based on the ECOICOP (European Classification Of Individual Consumption by Purpose), a harmonized European Union nomenclature. Consumer items that are going to remain on the market and are regularly consumed by the public are chosen.