Unemployment fell in Catalonia by 27,900 people in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to the previous year (−5.8%) standing at 451,400 unemployed people, with an unemployment rate of 11.75% (0.88 points less than the previous year) according to the Active Population Survey. By sex, the year-over-year decline in unemployment for men is higher than that of women (−6.9% and −4.7%, respectively). By ages stood out the decrease in the group of 55 years and over (−16.9%).
The number of households with all its active members unemployed in the fourth quarter of 2018 decreased by 11,900 (−8.3%) with respect to the same period of the previous year, and stood at 131,900 households.
The number of employed people rose by 75,000 individuals, totalling 3,391,100 people, 2.3% higher than the same period of the previous year. By sector, comparing employment in year-over-year terms, the increases in employed people corresponded to the service sector (72,700 persons; 3.0%) and construction (5,400 persons; 2.5%), while industry decreased slighly (−3,000 persons; −0.5%) and agriculture remained practically stable. By sex, employment increased for woman a 2.3% and for men a 2.2%. As for age groups, the greatest increase in employment in comparison to the previous year occurred in young people from 16 to 24 (9.6%) followed by population from 55 and more (7.4%). Regarding type of working day, part-time employment increased a 6.9%, while the increase in full-time employment was of 1.5%. Among the employees population, the increase in tempory contracts (5.6%) was higher than in permanent contracts (2.8%).
With regard to specific sectors, the population working in the cultural sector decreased by 2.4% in the year-over-year, totalling 170,500 people, representing 5.0% of the total employment rate. By sex, the cultural sector employed 93,300 men and 77,200 women.
In the tourism sector, the number of employed people decreased by 3.5% with respect to the fourth quarter of 2017, totalling 442,500 people (13.0% of the entire working population). By sex the tourism sector employs 261,100 men and 181,400 women.
The ICT sector employed 106,400 people in the fourth quarter of 2018 (7.9% less than one year ago), representing 3.1% of the total employment rate.