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Migratory Movements. 2018

In 2018, the total balance of migration for Catalonia stood at 96,524 net entries, as a result of the migration from the rest of Spain (−2,689) and external migration (99,213). All counties recorded positive balances, with the exception of La Conca de Barberà.

The balance of migration between Catalonia and the rest of Spain was negative (−2,689 people) after four years of positive balances, as a result of the recording of more emigrations (53,042) than immigrations (50,353). The migratory exchanges with the rest of Spain were negative in 23 counties, including El Barcelonès (−1,020), El Vallès Occidental (−680), and El Baix Llobregat (−616). On the other hand, the highest positive balances were recorded in Osona (329 people), La Garrotxa (185) and El Segrià (134).

By age, population aged between 20 and 34 recorded a positive balance of migration with the rest of Spain (3,891 people), while the other age groups displayed negative balances. By nationality, the population of Spanish nationality recorded a negative balance with the rest of Spain (−4,369 people), while the population of foreign nationality recorded a positive balance totalling 1,680 people.

The external balance of migration for Catalonia stood at 99,213 people in 2018 and it was positive in all the counties. Immigration from abroad (177,216 movements) recorded an increase of 16.7% in comparison with the previous year and emigrations to foreign countries (78,003) decreased by 17.5%.

The lows between counties resulted in a positive balance in 30 counties. El Maresme, El Vallès Occidental and El Baix Penedès recorded the highest positive balances of migration with the other counties, while El Barcelonès displayed the highest volume of net departures (−13,710).

Changes in residence between municipalities in Catalonia increased by 8% with respect to the previous year. The municipalities that recorded the highest positive balances as a result of internal migrations in Catalonia were Badalona (797), Sabadell (585), Calafell and Masquefa (529). At the other end of the scale, Barcelona recorded the highest negative internal balance with 12,313 people, followed by L’Hospitalet de Llobregat (−1,560), and Santa Coloma de Gramenet (−571).

With regard to internal migration within Catalonia according to the demographic size of the origin and destination municipalities, it was observed that municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants were emitters of net migratory flows to the other municipalities. We should highlight those between 10,001 and 20,000 inhabitants among the municipalities with positive balances of migration.

Idescat is publishing extended results of the Migratory Movements corresponding to the 1998-2004 period.