Births Statistics. 2018. Provisional data
The number of live births registered registered in Catalonia in 2018 stood at 63,174, according to provisional data, a figure which represents a decrease of 5.4% in comparison with the definitive data for 2017. In parallel, the age at maternity increased, standing at 31 for the birth of the first child. The birth rate stood at 8.3 live births per 1,000 inhabitants and the average number of children per woman stood at 1.30, the lowest figure since 2001.
The areas of the territorial Plan of the Central Counties, the Girona Counties and Ponent were those with the highest fertility rates (1.47, 1.46 and 1.44 children per woman, respectively), while L’Alt Pirineu and Aran was the area with the lowest (1.08 children per woman).
The reduction in the birth rate was particularly high among mothers of Spanish nationality, as the births of these mothers decreased by 7.7% in relation to the definitive data for 2017; in contrast, births of foreign mothers increased by 0.4%, accounting for 29.6% of the total.
As for the delivery characteristics, out of a total of 62,129 deliveries recorded in Catalonia in 2018, 60,909 were single deliveries, 1,204 were double and 16 were triple. The proportion of multiple deliveries increased with the mother’s age: the frequency of multiple deliveries lay below the average among women under 35, while 6.2% of the deliveries of women over 45 corresponded to multiple deliveries.
All the areas of the territorial Plan recorded a fall in the number of live births in 2018. The areas that recorded the highest decreases were L’Alt Pirineu and Aran (−10.9%) and Les Terres de l’Ebre (−6.7%).
The analysis by counties shows that the number of live births in 2018 was higher than in 2017 in only 7 counties. El Gironès (10.5‰) and L’Alt Empordà (9.4‰) had the highest crude birth rates and the counties of El Priorat (3.8‰) and La Ribera d’Ebre (5.7‰) were those with the lowest.