Research and Development. 2018
Expenditure on in-house R&D conducted in Catalonia was 3,512.7 million euros in 2018, a figure which was an increase of 7.2% from the expenditure in the previous year. This figure accounted for 1.52% of GDP, compared with 1.46% in 2017. By sectors of performance, business enterprise sector accounted for 61.1% of expenditure (figure that represented 0.94% of the GDP) followed by the higher education sector which accounted for 20.9% of expenditure on R&D (0.32% of the GDP). The Public Administration deployed 17.6% of the expenditure (0.27% of the GDP) while the private non-profit sector (PNP) accounted for the remaining 0.5%.
Funding of in-house R&D expenditure allocated in Catalonia came mainly from the business enterprise sector (59.6%) and the Public Administration (29.0%). The 6.8% of the expenditure was financed by funds from the rest of the world, 3.6% had its origin in the higher education sector, and the remaining 1.0% had its origin in the PNPs. By sectors of performance, funding for in-house R&D expenditure of the Public Administration and higher education came mostly from the Public Administration, 70.1% and 66.8%, respectively. In the business enterprise sector, almost all funding of in-house R&D expenditure came from the business enterprise sector itself (92.0%), whilst the funding of PNP was highly diverse.
In terms of employed persons, in-house R&D activities carried out in Catalonia employed a total of 51,830.4 people in full-time equivalent (FTE) employment, a figure that is 6.8% higher than the one for 2017. By occupation, 30,391.0 of these were researchers (58.6% of the whole), 16,173.2 were technicians and the remaining 5,266.2 were support staff. 40.5% of the total personnel in FTE employment assigned to these R&D activities were women, and the proportion of women among research staff was 38.2%. By sectors of performance, the highest percentages of female participation were in the sector of the Public Administration and PNP, with 53.3% and 54.1%, respectively. In the higher education and the business enterprise sectors, this figure was 45.6% and 32.7%, respectively.