Innovation in Companies Statistics. 2018
The number of companies with ten or more employees based in Catalonia with expenditure on innovative activities in 2018 totalled 5,278, while the expenditure on these activities amounted to 4,419.7 million euros. If the expenditure on innovation performed by all companies in Catalonia is counted, regardless of the locations of their head offices, the amount totalled 4,958.2 million euros.
By types of innovative activity, 41.07% of the expenditure performed in Catalonia corresponded to in-house R&D activities and 18.99% to R&D acquisition (external R&D), while the remaining 41.1% was assigned to other innovative activities (excluding R&D), such as the acquisition of machinery equipment, product design and the training and development of the personnel allocated to different R&D innovations.
With regard to innovation intensity, the percentage of turnover accounted for by expenditure on innovative activities stood at 2.92% in innovative companies with ten or more employees based in Catalonia.
In the last three years (2016-2018), 6,767 companies with ten or more employees based in Catalonia performed technological innovation, a figure accounting for 22.28% of the total. In the same period, 11.98% of all companies (3,638 companies) performed product innovations (by introducing new or significantly improved goods or services) and 19.52% (5,929 companies) performed business process innovations (by implementing a new or improved business process for one or more business functions that significantly differed from the previous one).
The primary source of information is the annual Innovation in Companies Survey conducted by the INE and Idescat by means of a partnership agreement. In the 2018 survey there was an interruption in the time series due to the methodological change brought about by the new version of the Oslo Manual that was used.
The Oslo Manual (2018) introduces changes in the definition of innovative activity and consequently in the definition of a company that conducts innovation and the expenditure on these activities. Furthermore, it defines innovation as the introduction to the market of a product (good or service) or the implementation in the company of a business process (methods of manufacturing, logistics or distribution, information processing or communication, of organisational processes or accounting, of human resource management or marketing methods) that are new or improved, which differ significantly from the company's previous products or business processes. In contrast, in previous editions an innovative company was considered to be one that made technological innovations at the level of the product (goods or services) or process (manufacturing, logistics or distribution methods, or of support of processes) or non-technological innovations (organisational or in terms of sales and marketing). The inclusion of this methodological change means that the 2018 data are not comparable with those published in previous years.